One year before the Fukushima reactor exploded, the International Uranium Film Festival was founded in 2010 in Santa Teresa, the famous artist quarter in the heart of Rio de Janeiro. The first Uranium Film Festival then was held in May 2011. Since 2012 the main venue is the Cinematheque of Rio de Janeiro's Modern Art Museum (MAM Rio).

The festival is dedicated to all films about nuclear power and the risks of radioactivity, from uranium mining to nuclear waste. It throws light on all nuclear issues.

Next International Uranium Film Festivals planned in 2018 in Rio de Janeiro (May/June 2018) and in Berlin (October 2018).

The festival's award is a piece of art produced by Brazilian waste-material-artist Getúlio Damado who lives and works in the famous artist quarter Santa Teresa in Rio de Janeiro where the first International Uranium Film Festival was held in May 2011. For more than a decade Getúlio collects garbage and transforms it into "gold". Meanwhile his waste-art is part of exhibitions not only in Rio de Janeiro but also in São Paulo and other parts of the world. Getúlio creates the award from waste material that he finds in the streets of Santa Teresa. He uses also old watches to remember the first atomic bomb dropped over Hiroshima. Watches in Hiroshima stopped exactly at 8:15 in the morning when the A-bomb exploded on August 6th, 1945.

The Uranium Film Festival is interested only in productions dealing with nuclear power, radioactivity and the use of radioactive elements like uranium. From Hiroshima to Fukushima: nuclear war and atomic bomb tests, nuclear disasters like Three Mile Island, Chernobyl or Fukushima, uranium mining, the use of depleted uranium weapons, nuclear waste, radioactive contamination, nuclear medicine, films about nuclear scientists like Marie Curie, Enrico Fermi, Otto Hahn or Albert Einstein.
The festival accepts submissions of feature length and short length films in all genres: Documentary, Fiction, Experimental, Animation, Comedy, Romance, Horror, Thriller, Science Fiction, Suspense, Student productions... The festival is also interested in educational and image films about nuclear science, nuclear power, radioactivity. It is not mandatory that the films are new productions; they could have been produced at any time.