1893. The Report

1893. The report retraces for the first time on a movie the story of the Fasci Siciliani (Sicilian Workers Leagues), the social movement which rose in Sicily in 1891 and was crushed in blood by troops and mafiosos in 1894. The other Sicily of which no one knows. Erased from the pages of Italian history the Fasci siciliani are internationally considered by historians to be the most important social movement in 19th century Europe, after the Paris Commune.
The documentary is based on a unique historical document: the investigative report carried out in Sicily by mule in October 1893, by Venetian journalist Adolfo Rossi, the only existing direct evidence of Fasci's story. Blacklisted by the fascist regime and then forgotten, the investigation of Rossi (that narrates the film) leads us on the trail of this unknown Sicily, on a mule trip along the magnificent landscapes of the island's midland. Simultaneously another investigation is developing, that of a today journalist who investigates the story of Fasci dei lavoratori.
Traces, signs to illuminate the twentieth century and the present time.

  • Nella Condorelli
  • Nella Condorelli
  • Nella Condorelli
    Triangle, Safed-San Nicandro, Eti's Journey
  • Francesco Foti
    Key Cast
  • Enrica Rosso
    Key Cast
  • Project Title (Original Language):
    1893. L'inchiesta
  • Project Type:
  • Runtime:
    1 hour 4 minutes
  • Completion Date:
    November 20, 2014
  • Production Budget:
    150,000 EUR
  • Country of Origin:
  • Country of Filming:
  • Language:
  • Shooting Format:
    Full HD
  • Aspect Ratio:
  • Film Color:
  • First-time Filmmaker:
  • Student Project:
  • Premio Nazionale Bandiera Verde 2015
    Roma, Italy
    November 11, 2015
    National Event
    Prize Agrifilm 2015
Distribution Information
  • Factory Film srl
    Country: Worldwide
    Rights: All Rights
Director Biography - Nella Condorelli

Documentary filmmaker and journalist, Nella Condorelli was born in Catania, lives and works between Rome and Sicily. She has devoted many years to social and historical documentary, putting first the narration of the invisible history from the side of movements, of peoples and of women. Some titles are , FIGLIE DELLA TERRA DI CANAAN - DAUGHTERS OF THE LAND OF CANAAN, shot between Palestine and Israel broadcasted by RAI Radiotelevisione Italiana; EUROLAND, a road movie among women in Europe, broadcasted by RAI Radiotelevisione Italiana and European public broadcasters; IL LEONE E LE CATENE- THE LION AND THE CHAINS, on the Iranian issue, broadcasted by RAI Radiotelevisione Italiana; STORIE DI STRADA - STORIES OF THE ROAD, a road movie from Lahore on the way to Kabul, broadcasted by RAI Radiotelevisione Italiana.
Engaged in the international debate on Women in Audiovisual and Information, in the nineties she founded the Mediterranean Women Network, which connects reporters, documentary filmmakers, directors, independent photographers. She participated, among other things, the activity of COPEAM - Permanent Conference on Mediterraneen Audiovisual as freelance, and founded in 1997 the Gruppo Donne (Women Group). She has been rewarded the National Award for her reportages from the South Mediterranean, and the Prize Città di Sasso Marconi in Enzo Biagi's name for her innovative narrative language.

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Director Statement

1893. The report reconstructs a human story never told before on big screen. I wanted to break a 120 years old silence and no doubt, upstream, there is my need to investigate the history of Sicily, my land, to overthrow many clichés, first of all that of Sicily and Sicilian as always subdued. The investigation of Adolfo Rossi, the document at the base of my work, tells of a movement spread throughout the island, united and organized against slavery in latifundia and the mafia control in the feuds and municipalities. The first organized popular movement of united Italy, thirty years from the Expedition of the Thousand. Very inconvenient for the Kingdom of Italy, it will be so throughout the twentieth century until today, given the tenacity with which it continues to be erased from Italian history.
When by chance I found and read the investigation of Adolfo Rossi, published in Milan in 1894 under the title "The unrest in Sicily. Report on the Fasci dei lavoratori", I was amazed for two reasons, the first: I did not know anything about the events that are described, the second: the language and narrative style. Rossi is a journalist who cannot be silenced by the power; he goes against government information which called for an end of the Fasci "conspirators" and "bandits". He goes to Sicily and gives voice to the peasants, men and women, the sulfur miners, the laborers, the carusi (children miners), he collects and reports their reasons, he urges barons and landowners, commissioners, governors and delegates of public security, priests and bishops too.
The research phase has taken me a long time, there was the need to frame the context in which the Fasci moved. I scrutinized the Europe of that time, at the end of a century oppressed by the international economic crisis, linked to the nascent capitalism and new markets, with poverty and unemployment, the first popular consciousness of the exploitation of labor, political and parliamentary scandals in the Kingdom of Italy ...
I was literally thrown into a forgotten reality, of which no one talks today, while it would be useful to study to reflect on many Italian and European contemporary issues.
I can say that it was the film which came to meet me. The report by Rossi became the narrator; the camera has remade his journey by mule on the spectacular trazzere (paths) along the center of the island, between villages of stone. Unknown and majestic landscapes mix with the documents, animated illustrations, songs, literary texts, postcards, letters, photos ... the looks of peasant women and men curved on the harsh land, ragged children in the darkness of hovels they call home, the voices of stunted and emaciated children in the bottom of the wells of sulfur mines, hungry, hard lives, miserable beyond belief, slaves of a social system based on the domain of few ... There is pain and fatigue, no compassion, no fable. Thus their faith in the Fasci, assemblies, marches, strikes...
Essential is the second report, which in the film runs parallel to that of Rossi, read by an actress, which retraces the time of the Fasci and wonders about the consequences of their removal for Sicily and the Italian XX century. This journey becomes internal and questions us, scattering certainties to those who want to listen, yesterday, today, the memory, the action.