El Antifaz. español

The Tarahumara in northwestern México are among the poorest native peoples in Latin America. Not often you may find peoples like them living in a kind of cultural resistance but even though in an unespectedly peacefull manner. The french poet and surrealist Antonin Artaud while staying with the Tarahumara in the late 30’s last century then wrote: „They are a challenge for this world which undoubtedly is talking so often about progress because it already lost any hope for enhancing so much.“ These people live according to their own statements as if they already were dead. They call themselves „Rarámuri“ what means „the footrunners“. In fact they are among the best long range runners in the world. Inspite of the pressures of modern civilization they maintain until these days their traditional behaviour and organization. This documentary is examplifying this culture by describing the life of maskcarver Simón Morales. This man until his death lived half blind and nearly deaf carving masks for a ritualistic use in his community. The masks are called „antifazes“ (counterfaces) in spanish-mexican, and in the own words of Tarahumara people they stand as a sign for the death. But Simón Morales also produced masks for the author of this film who starts a dialog at length with him about their lives, their differences, and what they might have in common. The film shows the many masks and the working of Simón Morales connected with his daily life until he died. The kind of transcultural dialog continues over the second part of the film when the community of Simón Morales prepares and celebrates the death ceremony for him while drinking lots of their traditional cornbeer. This ritual is for sending his soul up to heaven where the ancestors live. The ritualistic farwell of the soul means that it never should come back, it is a complete goodbye to the dead person, and the whole community is dancing the soul away for uniting it with the ancestors. For years the author of this film lived within the Tarahumara community which helped in realizing his documentary. Intimate insights to this culture in comparison to the counterface (was means „western civilization“, too) are shown.

  • Claus Deimel
  • Claus Deimel
  • Claus Deimel
  • Claus Deimel
    Key Cast
    "Claus Deimel"
  • Project Title (Original Language):
    El Antifaz. Adios el Alma. La Despedida
  • Project Type:
  • Runtime:
    36 minutes 15 seconds
  • Completion Date:
    October 17, 2018
  • Production Budget:
    10 EUR
  • Country of Origin:
  • Country of Filming:
  • Language:
  • Shooting Format:
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  • First-time Filmmaker:
  • Student Project:
  • Claus Deimel
Distribution Information
  • Claus Deimel
    Country: Germany
    Rights: All Rights
Director Biography - Claus Deimel

Claus Deimel studied 1972-1979 at the Universities of Frankfurt and Heidelberg Historic anthropology, political science, sociology and Pre- and Early History. 1979 was his PhD. in Frankfurt with a thesis on the missionary history of the Tarahumara in northern Mexico. His research since 1973 in the Sierra Tarahumara and has monographic works, works of art and film documentation on economy, society and ecology in the Sierra Tarahumara, among other things through the medium of exhibition at the Ethnological Museum Bremen, at the National Museum Hannover and the Grassi Museum of Ethnology Leipzig, published. He got teaching positions at the Universities of Hamburg, Hannover and Leipzig.
Claus Deimel has collaborated with artists and researchers of Kwakwaka'wakw- First Nation on the north west coast of Canada on the story of a Potlatch worked Imagery and the exhibition The Power of Giving, Alert Bay, Canada, U'mista Cultural Society and Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2011 curated.
He was a research assistant at the Hamburg Museum of Ethnology (1981-1985), the Overseas Museum Bremen (1985-1987), on Detlefsen Museum Glückstadt (1990-1992) and Senior Curator at Lower Saxony State Museum Hannover (1992-2000). In 2000 he was appointed director of the Leipzig Museum of Ethnology (since 2003 GRASSI Leipzig Museum of Ethnography) and founded in 2004 the State Ethnographic Collections of Saxony SES, a fusion of the GRASSI Museum of Ethnology in Leipzig with the Museum of Ethnology in Dresden and the Ethnology Museum Herrnhut. 2010 occurred the SES under his direction the composite of the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (SKD) at. Until retirement in June 2013 Claus Deimel was Deputy Director General of the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden.
Works [edit]
Exhibitions (selection)
• 1993 gods of Africa. Photographs: Leonore Mau, texts: Hubert Fichte Forum of the Landesmuseum Hannover
• 1996 Colorin Colorado. Large murals of Mexican children, the Maya, Huichol, Rarámuri, Mixe, inter alia Lower Saxony State Museum
• 2000 Jaguar and snake. Cosmos of the Indians in Central and South America. Forum of the Landesmuseum Hannover
• 2011 The Power of Giving. U'mista Cultural Society, Alert Bay, British Columbia, Canada; Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (in Lipsiusbau)
Publications (selection)
Deimel has published numerous articles in German and international journals and authored several Contributions to Collected Editions and Commemorative
• 1980 Tarahumara. Indians in northern Mexico. Publishers Syndicate, Frankfurt am Main
• 1980 Les Tarahumara au présent et au passé. Ed. Fédérop, Lyon
• 1993 gods of Africa. Part 2: Ritual objects. Ethnographic collections in Hannover. Eds. Thomas Michel, Lower Saxony State Museum
• 1996 Hikuri ba. Peyoteriten the Tarahumara. Views ethnology 1, Lower Saxony State Museum
• 1997 ritual healings of Tarahumara. With an introduction to the literature. Monografía Rarámuri I. Völkerkundliche treatises XIII Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin
• 2001 Nawésari. Texts from the Sierra Tarahumara. Monografía Rarámuri II. Völkerkundliche treatises XIV, Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin
• 2013 On a path to God in the Sierra Tarahumara. The Journey of John Rattkay SJ in the north of Mexico and his report on his mission with a description of the Tarahumara nation and their country. 1681-1683. Essays and reports from the State Ethnographic Collections of Saxony, Volume 54
Editions (selection)
• 2004 offerings to the residence. Ethnographic treasures from the Electoral royal collections of Dresden. State Ethnographic Collections of Saxony, Dresden Museum of Ethnology
• 2008 works of art in the world. Africa, Australia, Oceania, the Americas. (3 vols.) State Ethnographic Collections of Saxony
• 2009 (with Markus Lenz and Bernhard Streck) Looking for diversity. Ethnographers and geographers in Leipzig. Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography, Leipzig
• In 2010 (with Wolf-Dietrich Freiherr Speck von Sternburg) Buddhas shine and splendor emperor. The Beijing collection Hermann bacon of star castle. Volumes 1 and 2, Leipzig 2008 and 2010
• 2007-2013 Yearbook of State Ethnographic Collections of Saxony. Vol 43-46.
• Essays and reports from the State Ethnographic Collections of Saxony. Vol. 52-54
Broadcasting contributions
• 1984 Fußläufer. Tarahumara in northern Mexico. A radio feature with original recordings of the author. First broadcast: Südwestfunk Baden-Baden January 28, 1984, directed by Peter Michel Ladiges
Films (selection)
• Online since 2007: Claus Deimel - YouTube, Voelkerkundemuseum - YouTube
• 2009 Hikuri ba ba. Autour du le feu Peyotl. Au pays Tarahumara (Mexique), 25 min
• 2013 mirror ritual. Life Tarahumaraland. 65 min (notice: Leipziger Volkszeitung Online Archive 22 February 2013; presentation in Mexico: El Ritual del Espejo, Casa de Chihuahua, México, January 16, 2014)
• 2014 Judas Fariseo Diablo. About The Devil And The Wild Gaiety. Del demonio y de las ganas de vivir. About the devil and wild lust for life, 52 min (Odderader Film Festival, July 27, 2014)
External links [edit]
• Publications by Claus Deimel in the catalog of the German National Library
• Interview with Claus Deimel What tasks have ethnographic museums?, SWR 2, 15. September 2011.
• The Power of Giving (2011)
References [edit]
• Jacques Galinier: Deimel Claus, Nawésari. Texts from the Sierra Tarahumara. Monografía Rarámuri, II, Reimer, Ethnographic Essays, Volume XIV, Berlin, 2001, 210 S. Journal de la Société des Américanistes 2002, tome 88, [1]
• Thomas Mayer: The stranger does not exist. Leipziger Volkszeitung, 27 / 28th October 2012
• Aracely Sanchez Ruiz: Somos más de lo que hemos iguales Pensado antes. El Heraldo de Chihuahua, México, January 17, 2014

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