Clostridium tetani and Tetanus

This animation describes the process of infection with Clostridium tetani and how the toxin it releases interrupts nervous control of our muscles, leading to tetanus. This loss of muscle control causes the convulsive spasms typical of tetanus, which are so severe they can cause bone fractures and dislocations. Death often occurs due to respiratory failure or cardiac arrest. With adequate immunisation, tetanus is a completely preventable disease. However, in developing nations, without comprehensive vaccination programmes, tetanus remains a major cause of death. Universal vaccination, including pregnant women, is vital to preventing this terrible affliction.

  • Dr Maja Divjak
    Director
    Inflammation and Type 2 Diabetes, Insulin Receptor and Type 2 Diabetes, Bordetella pertussis and Whooping Cough
  • Dr Maja Divjak
    Writer
    Inflammation and Type 2 Diabetes, Insulin Receptor and Type 2 Diabetes, Bordetella pertussis and Whooping Cough
  • Gene Technology Access Centre
    Producer
    Dynamic Cell, Insulin, ADH, Bordetella pertussis and Whooping Cough, Apple Life Cycle
  • Jacinta Duncan
    Education Design
    Dynamic Cell, Insulin, ADH, Bordetella pertussis and Whooping Cough, Apple Life Cycle
  • Adam Hunt
    Sound Design
    Inflammation and Type 2 Diabetes, Insulin Receptor and Type 2 Diabetes, Bordetella pertussis and Whooping Cough
  • Ryan Granger
    Sound Design
    Bordetella pertussis and Whooping Cough
  • Dr David Donovan
    Live Action Footage
    New Foundations Medical Mission
  • Dr Maja Divjak
    Animation
    Inflammation and Type 2 Diabetes, Insulin Receptor and Type 2 Diabetes, Bordetela pertussis and Whooping Cough
  • Project Type:
    Animation
  • Genres:
    Biomedical Animation, Scientific Animation, Educational, Health PSA, Medical Research, Science, Disease, Animation
  • Runtime:
    7 minutes 2 seconds
  • Completion Date:
    May 22, 2017
  • Country of Origin:
    Australia
  • Country of Filming:
    Australia
  • Language:
    English
  • Shooting Format:
    HD 720
  • Film Color:
    Color
  • First-time Filmmaker:
    No
  • Student Project:
    No
  • Raw Science Film Festival 2017
    Santa Barbara
    United States
    January 6, 2018
    North American Premiere
    Official Selection
  • Visualizing Biological Data 2017
    Sydney
    Australia
    June 14, 2017
    Australian Premiere
  • Doctors Without Borders Film Festival 2017

    Award of Excellence, Health Category
  • Doctors Without Borders Film Festival 2017

    Award of Excellence, Science Category
  • Doctors Without Borders Film Festival 2017

    Award of Excellence, Visual SFX Category
Director Biography - Dr Maja Divjak

Dr Maja Divjak is a biomedical animator who recently completed a mentorship with world-renowned biomedical animator Dr Drew Berry, at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research. The position was part of the VIZBIplus project, which aimed to train three new animators to communicate cutting edge research at their host institutions, using visually stunning and engaging 3d animation. After completing her PhD in the molecular biology of asthma, Maja spent quite some time in scientific sales, but was keen to bring together her love of art and science in some shape or form. This led to studies in 3d Animation at the Australian Film, Television and Radio School. Thereafter, she developed her skills on personal animation projects and stills for life sciences company Promega Corporation. In 2011, she won the 60 Second Science Competition, Australian Open Division for an animation detailing the immune response in asthma. Her first animation for the VIZBIplus project detailed how inflammation causes type 2 diabetes, via a unique structure known as the ‘inflammasome’. This animation was presented at the 2014 Vivid Festival of Light, Music and Ideas at the event ‘Making Science Beautiful’. She has also created a companion piece focusing on the insulin receptor structure and what might be happening in insulin resistance. She is currently resident Science Animator at the Gene Technology Access Centre, and has recently completed an animation about whooping cough. This animation was shown at the 2016 Vivid Festival at the event ‘VizbiPlus - Visualising the Future of Biomedicine’. This animation won an Award of Exceptional Merit for Environmental/Health PSA and Viewer Impact: Content/Message Delivery categories and an Award of Excellence for SFX Animation at the Doctors Without Borders Film Festival 2017. This animation also won the Warren Sturgis Motion Media Award at the BioCommunications Association BioImages 2017 Salon and a Citation of Merit in the Motion Media: Video category.
Her most recent animation created for GTAC is Clostridium tetani and Tetanus.

Add Director Biography
Director Statement

I work at the interface of art and science, using animation for the purposes of scientific education and illustration of biological processes. Many people are frightened of science, both the ideas and the language. I wish to remove this fear by making science accessible, through the use of visual, 3d representations, rather than abstract concepts. The ultimate aim of my animations is to help people appreciate the beauty and drama going on in their own bodies at any given moment.